Your skin is the largest organ of your body part. It covers your all body. Healthy skin is very important for good health. As it protects the body from harmful elements such as chemicals, infections, cuts, scrapes, and sunlight keep the seemingly delicate organ under near-constant assault. It prevents dehydration by holding body fluids. Skin makes vitamin D for your body and keeps your temperature even. There are many skin problems which can cause symptoms such as redness, swelling, burning, and itching. In this article, I am going to write about a very common skin disease psoriasis-everything you need to know.
: Psoriasis-Everything You Need To Know :
What Is Psoriasis?
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Psoriasis is a normal and common skin disease. It is a common skin condition which speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. It builds up the cells rapidly on the surface of the skin. The extra cells of the skin from scales and red patches. These scales and red patches are painful and itchy too.
Psoriasis is a chronic disease that often comes and goes. The main goal of treatment is to stop the skin cells from growing so quickly.
It is a chronic disease that often comes and goes. There is no permanent cure for psoriasis. But, you can manage the symptoms. Changing lifestyle might help in curing this disease like moisturizing, managing stress and quitting smoking might help. An average of 7.5 million people in the U.S develops this disease.
Most people with psoriasis experience discomfort, pain and self-esteem problems that can make problems in their personal life.
Cause Of Psoriasis:
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An exact cause of psoriasis is unknown. Most of the researchers say that it can be caused by genetic. Psoriasis can be caused by the combination of some genes. These genes send the immune system into overdrive. Hence, triggering the rapid growth of skin cells that form patches and lesions.
The main cause of psoriasis is not understood till now by the researchers. It is thought that it is related to the immune system problems with T cells and other white blood cells in the body. T cells in the body help you to defend your body from the viruses and bacteria. But, if you suffered from psoriasis, T cells attack your healthy skin cells by mistake. Abnormal T cells can also increase the production of healthy skin cells. This cause the redness and sometimes pus in the pustular lesions.
It is believed that malfunction of the T cells in the person with psoriasis can be because of genetics or environmental factors.
What Triggers Psoriasis?
Psoriasis might get worse due to many reasons. Factors that may trigger psoriasis are as under:
– Heavy Alcohol Assumption
– Injury To The Skin
– Infections like throat infection or skin infection
– Deficiency of vitamin-D
– Certain medications like including lithium, which is prescribed for bipolar disorder, high blood pressure medications such as beta blockers, antimalarial drugs, and iodides.
Risk factors Of Psoriasis:
Anyone can have psoriasis, but there are some factors that can increase the risk of developing this skin disease:
This factor is most significant of all. If your parents have this disease, there will be high chances that you can suffer from this disease too.
Viral and bacterial infections:
People suffering from HIV are more likely to have psoriasis than the healthy people. Children and young adults have recurring infections like strep throat also may be at high risk of developing the disease.
The high-stress level might increase the risk of psoriasis because stress can impact your immune system.
If you are overweight, it can also cause psoriasis. Try to maintain weight as it can also lead many other severe diseases.
Smoking tobacco and other narcotics increase the risk of psoriasis. It may increase the severity of the disease. Smoking plays an important role in the development of the disease.
Complications Caused By Psoriasis:
If you have psoriasis, you’re at greater risk of developing certain diseases. These include:
– Psoriatic Arthritis
– Eye disorders such as conjunctivitis, blepharitis and uveitis
– Type 2 diabetes
– Metabolic syndrome including high blood pressure, elevated insulin levels and abnormal cholesterol levels
– High blood pressure
– Cardiovascular diseases like irregular heartbeat, stroke, high cholesterol and atherosclerosis.
– Parkinson’s disease
– Autoimmune diseases like Celiac disease, sclerosis and the inflammatory bowel disease called Crohn’s disease
– Kidney disease
– Emotional problems
Symptoms Of Psoriasis:
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There are different signs and symptoms of psoriasis which can range from person to person. Common signs and symptoms include:
– Small scaly spots on the skin
– Red or pink patches of skin that are covered with thick silvery scales
– Dry and cracked skin that might bleed
– Itching, burning and soreness
– Swollen and stiff joints
– Pitted, thickened or ridged nails
Psoriasis can be few spots or dandruff-like scaling or major eruptions in larger areas.
Types Of Psoriasis:
There are various types of psoriasis. Different types psoriasis is as under with the pictures:
– Guttate psoriasis
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– Scalp psoriasis
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– Inverse psoriasis
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– Nail psoriasis
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– Pustular psoriasis
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– Erythrodermic psoriasis
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There’s no one-size-fits-all psoriasis treatment, and the medications that work for some people may not work for others. The goal, however, is the same for everyone; to find psoriasis medications that can reduce or eliminate psoriasis symptoms. Here are some of the most commonly prescribed therapies.
There are many treatments and medications to cure psoriasis. Some of them work and others not. The goal is to find the medication for psoriasis which can reduce and eliminate psoriasis and its symptoms. Here are some therapies that are commonly used.
You can try this treatment from mild to moderate conditions. Creams, gels and ointments should apply directly to the skin to reduce the inflammation and slow down the cell growth on the skin. Products which contain salicylic acid and coal tar as active ingredients, calcipotriene (a form of vitamin D3) and tazarotene (a vitamin A derivative is known as a retinoid) are available by prescription.
The other name is light therapy. This therapy exposes the person skin to ultraviolet light. It is to be thought that it kills the immune cells contributing to psoriasis. These treatments should be done in the supervision of the doctor or with specialized phototherapy unit. It may require several visits, which can be expensive.
If topical medications and phototherapy don’t work, doctors will recommend systemic and prescription drugs. It will affect the entire body. You can take this medicine orally or through injection. This include:
– Cyclosporine which suppresses immune system activity and slows skin cell growth.
– Acitretin. It is an oral retinoid or form of vitamin A, that slows down the speed at which skin cells grow and shed.
– Methotrexate; a medication that was originally used as a cancer treatment, but can also slow down the growth of skin cells.
Biologic drugs have human and animal proteins in it. It blocks the immune cells which involve in psoriasis. There are three types of biologics that can cure psoriasis. It blocks the cytokines which cause by the immune system chemical messengers.
– necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)
– interleukin 12, interleukin 23, interleukin 17-A (IL-12, IL-23, and IL-17A)
Alternative therapies for psoriasis are massage, reiki, and acupuncture might relieve symptoms like pain. Some of these therapies also control stress.